none - list of all system calls


Linux 2.0 system calls.


As of Linux 2.0.34, there are 164 system calls listed in /usr/include/asm/unistd.h. This man page lists them.

_llseek(2), _newselect(2), _sysctl(2), access(2), acct(2), adjtimex(2), afs_syscall, alarm(2), bdflush(2), break, brk(2), chdir(2), chmod(2), chown(2), chroot(2), clone(2), close(2), creat(2), create_module(2), delete_module(2), dup(2), dup2(2), execve(2), exit(2), fchdir(2), fchmod(2), fchown(2), fcntl(2), fdatasync(2), flock(2), fork(2), fstat(2), fstatfs(2), fsync(2), ftime, ftruncate(2), get- _kernel_syms(2)?, getdents(2), getegid(2), geteuid(2), get- gid(2)?, getgroups(2), getitimer(2), getpgid(2), get- pgrp(2)?, getpid(2), getppid(2), getpriority(2), get- rlimit(2)?, getrusage(2), getsid(2), gettimeofday(2), get- uid(2)?, gtty, idle(2), init_module(2), ioctl(2), io- perm(2)?, iopl(2), ipc(2), kill(2), link(2), lock, lseek(2), lstat(2), mkdir(2), mknod(2), mlock(2), mlockall(2), mmap(2), modify_ldt(2), mount(2), mprotect(2), mpx, mremap(2), msync(2), munlock(2), munlockall(2), munmap(2), nanosleep(2), nice(2), oldfstat, oldlstat, oldolduname, oldstat, olduname, open(2), pause(2), personality(2), phys, pipe(2), prof, profil, ptrace(2), quotactl(2), read(2), readdir(2), readlink(2), readv(2), reboot(2), rename(2), rmdir(2), sched_get_- priority_max(2)?, sched_get_priority_min(2), sched_get- param(2)?, sched_getscheduler(2), sched_rr_get_interval(2), sched_setparam(2), sched_setscheduler(2), sched_yield(2), select(2), setdomainname(2), setfsgid(2), setfsuid(2), setgid(2), setgroups(2), sethostname(2), setitimer(2), setpgid(2), setpriority(2), setregid(2), setreuid(2), set- rlimit(2)?, setsid(2), settimeofday(2), setuid(2), setup(2), sgetmask(2), sigaction(2), signal(2), sigpending(2), sigprocmask(2), sigreturn(2), sigsuspend(2), socketcall(2), ssetmask(2), stat(2), statfs(2), stime(2), stty, swapoff(2), swapon(2), symlink(2), sync(2), sysfs(2), sysinfo(2), syslog(2), time(2), times(2), truncate(2), ulimit, umask(2), umount(2), uname(2), unlink(2), uselib(2), ustat(2), utime(2), vhangup(2), vm86(2), wait4(2), waitpid(2), write(2), writev(2).

Of the above, 5 are obsolete, namely oldfstat, oldlstat, oldolduname, oldstat and olduname (see also obsolete(2)), and 11 are unimplemented, namely afs_syscall, break, ftime, gtty, lock, mpx, phys, prof, profil, stty and ulimit (see also unimplemented(2)). However, ftime(3), profil(3) and ulimit(3) exist as library routines. The slot for phys is in use since 2.1.116 for umount2; phys will never be implemented.

Roughly speaking, the code belonging to the system call with number __NR_xxx defined in /usr/include/asm/unistd.h can be found in the kernel source in the routine sys_xxx(). (The dispatch table for i386 can be found in /usr/src/linux/arch/i386/kernel/entry.S.) There are many exceptions, however, mostly because older system calls were superseded by newer ones, and this has been treated somewhat unsystematically. Below the details for Linux 2.0.34.

The defines NR_oldstat and NR_stat refer to the routines sys_stat() and sys_newstat(), and similarly for fstat and lstat. Similarly, the defines NR_oldolduname, NR_olduname and NR_uname refer to the routines sys_olduname(), sys_uname() and sys_newuname(). Thus, NR_stat and __NR_uname have always referred to the latest version of the system call, and the older ones are for backward compatibility.

It is different with select and mmap. These use five or more parameters, and caused problems the way parameter passing on the i386 used to be set up. Thus, while other architectures have sys_select() ans sys_mmap() corresponding to NR_select and NR_mmap, on i386 one finds old_select() and old_mmap() (routines that use a pointer to a parameter block) instead. These days passing five parameters is not a problem anymore, and there is a NRnewselect (used by libc 6) that corresponds directly to sys_select().

Two other system call numbers, NRllseek and NRsysctl have an additional underscore absent in sys_llseek() and sys_sysctl().

Then there is __NR_readdir corresponding to old_readdir(), which will read at most one directory entry at a time, and is superseded by sys_getdents().

Finally, the system call 166, with entry point sys_vm86() does not have a symbolic number at all. This version supersedes sys_vm86old() with number __NR_vm86.

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