Emphasis: '' for italics, __ for bold, ''__ for both, <tt> for fixed width.
Lists: * for bullet lists, # for numbered lists, Term:<newline> definition for definition lists.
Preformatted text: Enclose text in <pre></pre> or <verbatim></verbatim>.
Indented text: Indent the paragraph with whitespaces.
References: JoinCapitalizedWords or use square brackets for a [page link] or URL [].
Preventing linking: Prefix with "~": ~DoNotHyperlink, name links like [text | URL].
Footnotes: You can't do in the new markup language.
Misc: "!", "!!", "!!!" make headings, "%%%" or "<br>" makes a linebreak, "----" makes a horizontal rule.
Allowed HTML tags: b big i small tt em strong abbr acronym cite code dfn kbd samp var sup sub

Character formatting

  • All special non-whitespace HTML characters are displayed as-is.
  • The tilde ~ is the Escape Character

    • A single tilde before a link ('~', '~WikiWord') prevents linking. =>, WikiWord
    • You can use tildes in the middle of WikiWord~s to prevent them from being linked as a whole. => WikiWords
    • Similarly, a tilde can be used to cancel the effect of markup ('~__', '~<tt>'). => __, <tt>
    • A tilde also cancels a following tilde, so any two tildes in a row ('~~') get rendered as a single tilde. => ~
    • The exception is within URLs (''), where a single tilde renders as itself. =>
    • A single tilde '~' followed by nothing gets rendered as a single tilde. => ~


  • Don't indent paragraphs
  • Words wrap and fill as needed
  • Use blank lines as separators
  • Four or more minus signs make a horizontal rule
  • %%% or <br> makes a linebreak (in headings and lists too)


  • asterisk for first level

    • indented asterisk (indent at least two spaces) for second level, etc.
  • Use *, -, + or o for bullet lists, # for numbered lists (mix at will)
  • Definition lists:




    as in the <DL><DT><DD> list

  • Items may contain multiple paragraphs and other multi-lined content, just indent the items. This includes <pre> and <verbatim> text!


  • '!' at the start of a line makes a small heading
  • '!!' at the start of a line makes a medium heading
  • '!!!' at the start of a line makes a large heading

Preformatted text

  • Place preformatted lines inside <pre>:

    Preformatted text. WikiLinks still work.


    Preformatted text. WikiLinks? still work.
  • If you want text with no Wiki interaction, use the <verbatim> tag:

    Preformatted text. WikiLinks do not work.


    Preformatted text. WikiLinks do not work.

Indented Paragraphs

  • Two or more whitespaces signal indented text. Indents may be nested.

    This is an indented block of text.

    This block is even more indented.

  • E-mail style block-quoting is supported as well:

    > This is block-quoted text.

    renders as

    This is block-quoted text.


  • Use doubled single-quotes ('') for emphasis (usually italics)
  • Use doubled underscores (__) for strong emphasis (usually bold)
  • Mix them at will: bold italics
  • Emphasis can be used multiple times within a line, but cannot cross line boundaries:


    will not work''


  • Hyperlinks to other pages within the Wiki are made using WikiWords (preferred) or by placing the page name in square brackets: this is a page link (discouraged)
  • Hyperlinks to external pages are done like this:
  • You can name the links by providing a name, a vertical bar "|" and then the URL or pagename: PhpWiki home pagethe front page
  • You can suppress linking to WikiWords and plain URLs by preceding the word with a '~', e.g. NotLinkedAsWikiName,
  • Also, the old way of linking URLs is still supported: any text starting with "http:", "ftp:" or "mailto:" will be linked to automatically, as in:
  • URLs ending with .png, .gif, or .jpg are inlined if in square brackets, by themselves:


Old-style tables are supported through the OldStyleTablePlugin — at the WlugWiki we prefer you use that.

Definition list style tables are written just like definition lists, except that you replace the trailing colon on the term with a vertical bar "|".

Term 1 |
   Definition 1 begins here.
   Term 1.1 |
      Definition 1.1
   Term 1.2 |
      Definition 1.2
   This is part of definition 1.
Term 2 |
   Here's definition 2.

results in:

Term 1

Definition 1 begins here.

Term 1.1 Definition 1.1
Term 1.2 Definition 1.2

This is part of definition 1.

Term 2 Here's definition 2.

HTML MarkupLanguage

  • Some in-line markup is allowed through the use of HTML tags: b, big, i, small, tt, em, strong, abbr, acronym, cite, code, dfn, kbd, samp, var, sup and sub
  • < and > are themselves
  • The & characters will not work

Creating various kinds of special links

See MagicPhpWikiURLs for gory details on how to write various kind of wiki maintenance and other special links.

Inserting plugins

Several plugins permit embedding additional functionality to Wiki pages. For example,

<?plugin BackLinks page=HomePage info=hits ?>


9 pages link to HomePage:
 . Page Name .   . Hits . 
 WlugWikiRelicensing   94924 
 TextFormattingRules   33961 
 ExampleHomePage   19794 
 OldTextFormattingRules   18096 
 PhpWikiAdministration   8464 
 WlugWikiLicense   234285 
 SoftwareFreedomDay2008   18674 
 TestPage   18205 
 SoftwareFreedomDay2009   20782 

For more information on plugins, see WikiPlugin.