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Newer page: version 6 Last edited on Monday, July 12, 2004 1:30:04 pm by JohnMcPherson
Older page: version 4 Last edited on Wednesday, March 31, 2004 9:53:52 pm by JohnMcPherson Revert
@@ -7,58 +7,5 @@
 "hotplug" is also the name of a linux package for managing the drivers/software side of things when hardware changes take place. For example, when [USB] devices are added or removed. There are other types of devices supported (such as CardBus/[PCMCIA] cards), but USB is the predominantly used type. 
 The way it works is that based on a device's identifying features, you can load different modules and run different scripts. 
-Newer versions of hotplug have a set of "usermap" files in /etc/hotplug/usb. (Older versions of hotplug use a single file named "/etc/hotplug/usb.usermap".) This gives the name of scripts to run for particular USB devices.  
-The file format is:  
- name_of_script fields_to_match field1 field2 field3 ... field11  
-The "fields_to_match" field is a bitfield - add 1 if you want to match against field1, add 2 if you also want to match against field2, add 4 to match against field3, etc. Only field1 and field2 are really necessary - they correspond to vendor_id and vendor_product_id respectively.  
-Here is my usb.usermap:  
- # kodak dx3900 digital camera  
- usbcam 0x0003 0x040a 0x0170 0x0 0x0 0x0 0x0 0x0 0x0 0x0 0x0 0x0  
- # sony dsc p10 digital camera  
- usbcam 0x0003 0x054c 0x004e 0x0 0x0 0x0 0x0 0x0 0x0 0x0 0x0 0x0  
- # laser printer  
- brother_hl1440 0x0003 0x04f9 0x000d 0x0 0x0 0x0 0x0 0x0 0x0 0x0 0x0 0x0  
-So, when a USB device with vendor ID of 40a and product ID of 170 is inserted, hotplug will run the script named "usbcam" in the /etc/hotplug/usb directory.  
-The 0x0003 tells hotplug to match this rule against only the vendor ID (1) + the product ID (2), ignoring all the other fields. You can determine these values by looking at your system logs (eg run dmesg(8)) after inserting the [USB] device.  
-If you have the "usbutils" package installed, you could look in the file "/usr/share/misc/usb.ids" or run the "lsusb" command to get a description of connected USB devices.  
- See below for notes about the scripts.  
-! Notes about editting the usb.usermap file  
-In the version of hotplug in [Debian] [Woody], you should add your changes to /etc/hotplug/usb.usermap-local and then run  
- # update-usb.usermap  
-In more recent versions of hotplug, (such as Debian Testing/Unstable), create files named /etc/hotplug/usb/{foo}.usermap, for each script you have named foo.  
-!! USB scripts  
-Make sure these scripts are executable! Hotplug will set the following environment variables for use by the scripts:  
- ACTION {add, remove}  
- DEVICE {name of the usbdevfs device... for example /proc/bus/usb/001/003}  
- TYPE  
-See the /etc/hotplug/usb.agent script for more details.  
-! Example scripts  
-This is the script run when hotplug detects one of the digital cameras. the gphoto2 package for [DigitalCamera]s comes with its own usbcam script for this purpose, but it sets the [USB] device to be owned by the user that owns /dev/console, which doesn't work under debian. This works fine assuming you are the only person on your computer, or you trust the other users not to delete your photos from your camera :p.  
- #!/bin/sh  
- # John - we need to make the usb device readable/writeable by normal  
- # users. Should be the same person as on console, but debian doesn't  
- # change /dev/console to the current user, so make it world +rw.  
- chmod a+rw "$DEVICE"  
-I'm not entirely sure that this really needs to be done every time, but I have noticed that sometimes [CUPS] can't talk to the printer if it is powered on after boot. Also see [CUPSNotes] to see where this command line came from .  
- #!/bin/sh  
- foomatic-configure -s cups -n Brother -c file:/dev/usb/lp0 -p Brother-HL-1440 \  
- -d hl1250 -o !PageSize=A4  
+See HotPlugNotes for more information and example usage