In the software context; processes spawned by other processes.
If a parent process goes away, various things happen such as
- Children get sent a SIGHUP, most processing die when receiving a SIGHUP. This is what happens when you close a Terminal? and the processes started from it are killed.
- Children that ignore SIGHUP get reparented to init
If a child process goes away, the parent gets a SIGCHLD
The context for which this page was required refers to 'sprogs', or 'little people'. See also BadgeWearers