BetaMax was a standard format for video tapes that directly competed with VHS. It's usually considered superior for video quality, and (apparently) is widely used still in the professional TV industry, however it's practically never seen in the home market as it was originally intended.
BetaMax had a few disadvantages to VHS:
BetaMax had a few advantages:
However, in the end BetaMax "lost" and VHS became the de facto standard for home video recording.
A lot of discussions about competing technologies often refer to BetaMax vs VHS.