Annotated edit history of MacOSX version 24, including all changes. View license author blame.
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14 AristotlePagaltzis 1 [MacOSX] is AppleCorporation's sexy OperatingSystem, built on top of [Darwin], a [BSD] variant using a [Mach] MicroKernel.
22 AristotlePagaltzis 2
3 Note that the Ⅹ in [MacOSX] has nothing to do with the X windowing system: it is the Roman numeral for 10, which follows on from the previous version [MacOS] 9.
5 Note also that the [Unix] subsystem in OS X is more of a compatibility layer, and that by and large native OS X applications do not use [POSIX] system calls in any situation – rather the POSIX system calls are more of a wrapper around others.
12 WikiWikiSandBox 6
21 AristotlePagaltzis 7 !! Codenames
12 WikiWikiSandBox 8
21 AristotlePagaltzis 9 * [MacOSX] during development: Rhapsody
10 * [MacOSX] 10.0: Cheetah
11 * [MacOSX] 10.1: Puma
12 * [MacOSX] 10.2: Jaguar
13 * [MacOSX] 10.3: Panther
14 * [MacOSX] 10.4: Tiger
15 * [MacOSX] 10.5: Leopard
16 * [MacOSX] 10.6: Snow Leopard
17 * [MacOSX] 10.7: Lion
22 AristotlePagaltzis 18
19 ! 10.0
21 Cheetah belied its name: it was very slow on pretty much every platform you throw it at. If you were to run it on, say, an old PowerMac [G3], you might have been forgiven for thinking that upgrading to a PowerMac [G4] would make it a lot faster. For the most part, you would have been wrong.
23 Also, you may think that the slowness was superficial and only applies to trivial [GUI] things like window resizing, file dialogs and pull down menus. You would be wrong about this, also. A call to sigaction(2) takes, by observation, around 20 times the time to execute under [MacOSX] than under [Linux] on the same platform. In real world times, that was around 3 seconds.
25 Speculation has it that this is due to the use of a MicroKernel.
27 ''I have seen articles which state that it is due to the time to create a new thread and demonstrated it through simple C programs. Can't find the article at present but find plenty of references saying [MySQL] and [Apache] are painfully slow -- IanMcDonald''
29 ''AFAIK It only applied to pthreads. Every app written in Carbon or Cocoa (ie, every single GUI app on OSX) uses NSThreads which doesn't seem to be painfully slow from actually using MacOSX. Incidentally, my 1.4Ghz Mac Mini kicks the crap out of my Celeron 1.1GHz PC when benchmarking MySQL, which other benchmarks would have you believe that's not possible, so it can't be _that_ bad :P. Also, some have attributed the slowness in MySQL to the fact that InnoDB uses fcntl() to guarantee data has been written to disk instead of fsync(). See -- PhilMurray''
31 ''Found the article at - it says in particular "Mac OS X is incredibly slow, between 2 and 5(!) times slower, in creating new threads, as it doesn't use kernel threads, and has to go through extra layers (wrappers). No need to continue our search: the G5 might not be the fastest integer CPU on earth - its database performance is completely crippled by an asthmatic operating system that needs up to 5 times more time to handle and create threads." He then follows up in a subsequent article and clarifies here why it is not quite correct but peformance is still bad -- IanMcDonald''
12 WikiWikiSandBox 32
21 AristotlePagaltzis 33 ! 10.2
18 NeilHoughton 34
21 AristotlePagaltzis 35 Jaguar introduced QuartzExtreme, which used your 3D graphics card for window compositing and rendering. Doing this enabled things like alpha translucency and drop shadows (both of which Mac OS X makes extensive use of) to be used "for free". This provided a much needed speedup for [GUI] operations.
37 ! 10.3
24 AristotlePagaltzis 39 Panther, enhanced QuartzExtreme as well as providing a number of other speedups, finally making simple tasks like scrolling and using pull down menus bearable. Panther also greatly improved compatibility with Windows file sharing (using Samba 3.0) and had several significant enhancements to the [BSD] and [GNU] command line tools included. Xcode debuted with the release of Panther, obsoleting the aging ~ProjectBuilder and adding several nice new features to the free [GCC]-orienteded development environment included with the OS.
21 AristotlePagaltzis 40
41 ! 10.4
23 AristotlePagaltzis 43 Tiger continues to enhance performance, although many of the enhancements are not available yet. Quartz2DExtreme was to debut with Tiger, but ships disabled on all Macs. It takes acceleration on the graphics card one step further by using programmable shaders to render [GUI] elements. Rumour has it it will be enabled in a future Tiger point release.
18 NeilHoughton 44
22 AristotlePagaltzis 45 ! 10.5 (etc)
16 AristotlePagaltzis 46
22 AristotlePagaltzis 47 AddToMe
12 WikiWikiSandBox 48
22 AristotlePagaltzis 49 !! See also
12 WikiWikiSandBox 50
14 AristotlePagaltzis 51 * [The history of MacOS X, and what exactly it is |]
12 WikiWikiSandBox 52
53 -----
54 Part of CategoryOperatingSystem

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