mincore - get information on whether pages are in core
The mincore(2) function requests a vector describing which pages of a file are in core and can be read without disk access. The kernel will supply data for length bytes following the start address. On return, the kernel will have filled vec with bytes, of which the least significant bit indicates if a page is core resident.
For mincore(2) to return successfully, start must lie on a page boundary. It is the caller's responsibility to round up to the nearest page. The length parameter need not be a multiple of the page size. The vector vec must be large enough to contain length/PAGE_SIZE bytes. One may obtain the page size from getpagesize(2).
mincore(2) should return a bit vector and not a byte vector. As of Linux 2.4.5, it is not possible to gain information on the core residency of pages which are not backed by a file. In other words, calling mincore(2) on an region returned by an anonymous mmap(2) does not work and sets errno to ENOMEM. Unless pages are locked in memory, the contents of vec may be stale by the time they reach userspace.
mincore(2) does not appear to be part of POSIX or the Single Unix Specification.
The mincore(2) function first appeared in 4.4BSD.
Since Linux 2.3.99pre1 and glibc 2.2.